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DIABETES:HOW TO CONVERT MMOL/L TO MG/DL

What is diabetes?

DIABETES or Diabetes mellitus is an ailment that occurs when the blood sugar (glucose) level is too high.
In other words, diabetes is simply abnormalities in the blood sugar level.
When the blood sugar level is higher than the normal blood sugar level, there is an abnormality known as hyperglycemia and when it is lower than the normal blood it is known as hypoglycemia.
Examples of these abnormalities are prediabetes, impaired diabetes, and the ones mentioned above.
Blood sugar (glucose) level is the concentration of glucose in the blood.
Glucose is a simple sugar stored in the body; it is the main source of energy that your body needs to function. It is gotten from the food you eat.
In a nutshell, when you eat you will get glucose (sugar) from the food which is your main source of energy; this glucose will only get into your body cells
With the help of a hormone called insulin which is produced by the pancreas.
However when this glucose or sugar stays in your body and does not get into your cells because the pancreas does not make any or enough Insulin or does

The following are the different types of diabetes we have:
If your body does not make Insulin, it means your pancreas cells that make insulin has been attacked and destroyed by your immune system.

TYPE 1 DIABETES 
Type 1 diabetes is found in both youngsters and young adults.
In other to manage type 1 diabetes and stay alive people with type 1 diabetes needs to take Insulin (Insulin pump) every day.

TYPE 2 DIABETES
Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes which occurs when your body is unable to make or use Insulin well.
It affects mostly middle-aged and older people and can develop at any age.

GESTATIONAL DIABETES
This develops in some women when they are pregnant which most times disappear after childbirth.

There are other types of diabetes that are not as common as the ones mentioned above, e. g Monogenic (an inherited form of diabetes) and so on.

RISKS FACTORS OF TYPE 2 DIABETES

  •  If you do not engage in physical activities (fitness exercises)
  •  If there is any record of diabetes in your family
  •  If you have certain health issues like high blood pressure
  • If you are age 45
  • If you are overweight
  • if you have a family record of diabetes

DIABETES IS MAJOR CAUSES OF THE FOLLOWING HEALTH PROBLEMS:
Blindness
Kidney failure
Stroke
Foot problems
Heart attacks or diseases
Dental diseases
Nerve damage 

DIABETES TEST
HbA1c test: This type of diabetes test is called Hemoglobin A1c and it gives you your average blood sugar level for over 2 to 3 months.

Glucometer Test: this test is done by a glucose meter, which is a small portable electronic device that measures the blood glucose level and gives instant results within seconds.
Types of glucometer are:
Vivachek
Accu-chek
Fine test
OneTouch etc.

Glucometer kits comprise of a finger prick, lancet (special needle), strips, and a portable electronic device that measures and gives instant results.




Blood sugar (glucose) levels are measured in terms of molar concentration, measured in mmol/L (millimoles per liter or millimolar) and mg/dl (milligrams per liter)
CONVERTING FROM mg/dl TO mmol/L 
180mg/dl TO mmol/L = 10mmol/l
I divide the number in mg/dl by 18; that is 180/10-10mmol/l
CONVERTING 10mmol/l TO mg/dl
I will multiply 10 by 18 = 10*18-180mg/dl

WHEN TO TEST YOUR BLOOD SUGAR (GLUCOSE) LEVEL

  • If you think that your blood sugar is very high, low or falling
  • When stressed or sick
  • At night (mid-night)
  • After a meal (1-2 hours)
  • In the morning before the meal
  • Before engaging in any physical activity etc

It is important to know your blood sugar levels and correct or manage any abnormality if need be.

For People without diabetes, their blood sugar level while fasting is between 3.9 – 7.1mmol/l(70 – 130mg/dl), and when not fasting should be about 6.9mmol/l(125mg/dl).

For people with diabetes, their blood sugar levels target range should be between 5.0 – 7.2mmol/l(90-130mg/dl) before a meal, and less than 10mmol/l(180mg/dl) two hours after a meal.

If you are diabetic, you are not alone according to the world health organization records of people with diabetes which rose from 108 million in 1980 to 422 million in 2014. Click here to see WHO key facts about diabetes.

REFERENCES

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